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中国人民解放军总医院
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中国人民解放军总医院老年心血管病研究所
中国科技出版传媒股份有限公司
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中华老年多器官疾病杂志编辑委员会
100853, 北京市复兴路28号
电话:010-66936756
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E-mail: zhlndqg@mode301.cn
创刊人 王士雯
总编辑 范利
副总编辑 陈韵岱
执行主编 叶大训
编辑部主任 王雪萍
ISSN 1671-5403
CN 11-4786
创刊时间 2002年
出版周期 月刊
邮发代号 82-408
友情链接
崔春晗,董奥,杨琴.休闲活动在社区老年人认知衰弱与抑郁间的中介效应[J].中华老年多器官疾病杂志,2022,21(1):45~48
休闲活动在社区老年人认知衰弱与抑郁间的中介效应
Mediating effect of leisure activities on cognitive frailty and depression in community-dwelling elderly
投稿时间:2021-04-12  
DOI:10.11915/j.issn.1671-5403.2022.01.010
中文关键词:  老年人;社区;抑郁;认知衰弱;休闲活动
英文关键词:aged; community; depression; cognitive frailty; leisure activities Corresponding author:YANG Qin, E-mail:793301726@qq.com〖FL
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
崔春晗 石河子大学医学院护理系,新疆维吾尔自治区 石河子 832000 793301726@qq.commediating 
董奥 石河子大学医学院护理系,新疆维吾尔自治区 石河子 832000 793301726@qq.commediating 
杨琴 石河子大学医学院护理系,新疆维吾尔自治区 石河子 832000 793301726@qq.commediating 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨休闲活动在社区老年人认知衰弱与抑郁间的作用机制,为社区老年人抑郁的预防和干预提供科学依据。方法 2020年12月至2021年3月,采用便利抽样法选取新疆石河子市某社区老年人315名。应用休闲活动问卷、FRAIL 量表、蒙特利尔认知评估量表及抑郁量表进行问卷调查。采用SPSS 25.0 软件进行统计分析。逐步回归法检验休闲活动对老年人认知衰弱和抑郁间关系的影响。结果 315名社区老年人中,有33名(10.48%)发生认知衰弱,休闲活动得分为(31.72±4.37)分,抑郁量表得分为(2.89±2.43)分。认知衰弱与抑郁得分呈正相关(r=0.371,P<0.01) ,认知衰弱(r=-0.401) 、抑郁得分(r=-0.487) 与休闲活动得分均呈负相关(均P<0.01)。休闲活动在认知衰弱与抑郁间起部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的33.88%。结论 休闲活动在社区老年人认知衰弱与抑郁之间起部分中介效应,应关注社区老年人认知衰弱与休闲活动,减少抑郁的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the mechanism of leisure activities between cognitive frailty and depression of the elderly in the community so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and intervention of depression in them. Methods From December 2020 to March 2021, convenience sampling was used to select 315 elderly people in a community in Shihezi City, Xinjiang Uygur Automomous Region. The leisure activities questionnaire, FRAIL scale, Montreal cognitive assessment scale and depression scale were used to conduct a questionnaire survey. SPSS statistics 25.0 was used to perform the statistical analysis. Stepwise regression analysis was employed to determine the effect of leisure activities on the relationship between cognitive frailty and depression in the elderly. Results Among the 315 elderly in the community, 33 elderly people (10.48%) developed cognitive frailty, with a score of leisure activities of (31.72±4.37) points and a depression score of (2.89±2.43) points. Cognitive frailty was positively correlated with depression scores (r=0.371, P<0.01), and cognitive frailty (r=-0.401, P<0.01) and depression scores (r=-0.487, P<0.01) were negatively correlated with score of leisure activities. Leisure activities played a partially mediating role between cognitive frailty and depression, and the mediating effect accounted for 33.88% of the total effect. Conclusion Leisure activities play a partial mediating effect between cognitive frailty and depression of the elderly in the community. Attention should be paid to cognitive frailty and leisure activities of the elderly in the community to reduce the occurrence of depression.
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